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  1. ANATOMY (MEDICAL) 01- Test
  2. BIOCHEMISTRY ( MEDICAL) 01- Test
  3. PHYSIOLOGY (MEDICAL) 01- Test
  4. PHYSICS (CLASS 11th & 12th) 02- Test NEW
  5. CHEMISTRY (CLASS 11th & 12th) 01- Test
  6. BIOLOGY (CLASS 11th & 12th) 02- Test
  7. GENERAL APTITUDE (FOR ALL COMPETITION EXAMS 06- Test

 

ANATOMY TEST

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Gamma-γ (Pre-Clinical)

Anatomy (Thorax)-1

Total Questions: 20

Estimated Time: 20 Min.

Marks for Each Right Answer: 01

Negative Marking: No

GOOD LUCK

1 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

The esophagus is subdivided into three portions along its course on the basis of a
transition in the composition of the

2 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

The presence of which one of the following characteristics is of least value in
distinguishing bone from hyaline cartilage?

3 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Histo-1

What type of tissue lines the upper esophagus?

4 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

The formation of bone in the absence of a pre-existing cartilage framework is called

5 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

Demineralized bone consists chiefly of

6 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Histo-1

A 29-year-old opera singer complains about recent
changes in the frequency of her vibrato and the quality
of her vocal sound. Phonation in your patient is initiated
and shaped by which of the following structures of the
head and neck?

7 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

Which of the following is true of a median plane of the hand?

8 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

In a slide showing spongy bone formed solely by intramembranous ossification, all of the
following features may be found upon microscopic examination except

9 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

The oldest lamella of a Haversian system (osteon) is

10 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

This type of Epithelim cell has one layer and flat like eggs

11 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

Which of the following would be least evident during adolescence?

12 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

The microscopic structure of certain parts of the temporomandibular joint differs from
corresponding parts of most other articulations of the human body. One such
difference is that the articulating surfaces of the TMJ are

13 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

Bile is formed by

14 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Histo-1

A 54-year-old woman with a history of smoking presents
with hemoptysis and chest pain. A CT scan of the
thorax reveals a 5-cm mass in the middle lobe of the
right lung. The mass is removed using a pulmonary segmentectomy.
Which of the following pulmonary units
best characterizes the structural basis for your surgical
resection?

15 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

Osteoclasts arise from

16 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

Which of the following is true of the anatomical position

17 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

What vein/veins is not used to obtain
a venous blood sample:

18 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

Osteocytes arise most directly from

19 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Gen-1

Which one of the following is a correct statement concerning Haversian systems
(osteons)?

20 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-Histo-1

Which of the following describes the principal function
of ciliated columnar epithelial cells in respiratory epithelium
of the lungs?

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BIOCHEMISTRY TEST

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PHYSIOLOGY TEST

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PHYSICS TEST

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Gamma-γ (Pre-Clinical)

Anatomy (Thorax)-5

Total Questions: 20

Estimated Time: 20 Min.

Marks for Each Right Answer: 01

Negative Marking: No

GOOD LUCK

1 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A genetic coding defect in an early embryo results in absence
of the lower part of the vertical portion of the cross of the
endocardial cushions in the developing heart. Which of
the following malformations is most likely present?

2 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

Which of the following congenital defects is the direct outcome
of malformation of the spiral partitioning of the conus cordis
and truncus arteriosus?

3 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A child is born at home without diffi culty. Two weeks later,
the mother takes the infant to her doctor, reporting that he
“turns blue” when he cries. Physical examination reveals the
infant is cyanotic and has a distinct systolic heart murmur.
The physician suspects the baby has a tetralogy of Fallot
(TOF). Which of the following conditions is a component of
this syndrome?

4 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A physician discovers that his 72-year-old patient is leaking
blood from a vessel that normally carries oxygendepleted
blood. Which of the following vessels is most likely
damaged?

5 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

Which of the following is a characteristic feature of the venous
system?

6 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-2

The posterior mediastinum does NOT include
which of the following?

7 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

Which of the following components of the respiratory tract
would be directly affected by a developmental failure of normal
differentiation of the foregut endoderm?

8 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A chest X-ray reveals lobar pneumonia located over the horizontal
fi ssure of the lung. Which of the following lobes of the
lung would be infl amed and full of fl uid?

9 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A pregnant woman is in a car accident and goes into premature
labor. Her fetus is approximately 24 weeks in gestation.
Her physicians administer her steroids and try to delay the
birth of her baby. The survival rate of a premature baby rises
signifi cantly if the baby can reach 28 weeks gestation mainly
due to the maturation of the lungs. What stage of lung maturation
are the doctors hoping to reach, in which the blood-air
barrier is beginning to be established?

10 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

In preparing for his Board Certifi cation in thoracic surgery, a surgeon
reviews the geographic relations of critical structures in the
chest. Which of the following is correct regarding the relationships
of the vagus nerves in their passage through the thorax?

11 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A 65-year-old woman develops blood clots in her lower
limbs. If one of these were to break loose and fl ow through
the venous system, it would embed in capillaries in which of
the following locations?

12 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A 4-year-old boy presents with hypertension in the upper
extremities and a diminished femoral pulse and pressure.
Radiologic imaging reveals a postductal coarctation of the
aorta. Which of the following is the most characteristic feature
of this condition?

13 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-2

Which of the following may compress the
esophagus?

14 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A newborn infant has diffi culty breathing and swallowing.
Radiographic examination reveals constrictions of both the
trachea and esophagus in the same plane. Which of the following
congenital malformations is the most likely cause of
this condition?

15 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A medical resident is preparing to insert a central venous line
into the left brachiocephalic vein of her 10-year-old patient.
Which of the following is a correct relation of the left brachiocephalic
vein?

16 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A male baby is born with Down syndrome (trisomy 21) and
associated cardiac defects. The given apical four-chamber
view echocardiogram shows a complete atrioventricular canal
defect that includes a primum atrial septal defect and a posterior
inlet ventricular septal defect. What embryonic structures
normally fuse to close the foramen primum?

17 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A radiologist is examining a series of contrast-enhanced CT
scans of a patient’s thorax in evaluating fi ndings of a hypertrophied
right heart. Which of the following structures is located
in the pathologically enlarged right atrium?

18 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A 7-day-old newborn with a diagnosis of patent ductus
arteriosus undergoes surgery to ligate the ductus arteriosus.
During the repair, the surgeon takes special care to avoid
injury to a closely related nerve. The surgeon is protecting
which of the following nerves?

19 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

An infant is born with an abnormally thin wall in the smooth
part of the right atrium. This condition may be related to
underdevelopment of which of the following embryonic
structures?

20 / 20

Category: Med-Ana-TH-Embryo

A 25-year-old man is brought to the emergency room after
suffering a deep stab wound directly through the right 5th
intercostal space in the midclavicular line. Which of the following
structures is most likely pierced?

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CHEMISTRY TEST-

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BIOLOGY TEST

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GENERAL APTITUDE

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Gamma-γ (Pre-Clinical)

Anatomy (Abdomen)-3

Total Questions: 20

Estimated Time: 30 Min.

Marks for Each Right Answer: 01

Negative Marking: No

GOOD LUCK

1 / 20

Category: Abdomen-B

Between the internal oblique and transverse
abdominal muscles is a neurovascular plane
that contains all of the following EXCEPT

2 / 20

Category: Abdomen

A 35-year-old woman with a history of
cholecystectomy arrives in the emergency
department with intractable hiccups most likely
caused by an abdominal abscess secondary
to surgical infection. Which of the following
nerves carries pain sensation caused by irritation
of the peritoneum on the central portion of
the inferior surface of the diaphragm?

3 / 20

Category: Abdomen

A radiograph of a 32-year-old woman
reveals a perforation in the posterior wall of
the stomach in which the gastric contents have
spilled into the lesser sac. The general surgeon
has opened the lienogastric (gastrosplenic) ligament
to reach the lesser sac and notes erosion
of the ulcer into an artery. Which of the following
vessels is most likely involved?

4 / 20

Category: Abdomen

A young boy is brought to the hospital after
a bicycle accident and possible pelvic fracture.
While awaiting a computed tomography (CT)
scan of his pelvis, a physician proceeds with
a focal neurologic examination. In testing the
child’s reflexes, which of the following nerves
would carry afferent impulses of the cremasteric
reflex?

5 / 20

Category: Abdomen-B

Where is extraperitoneal fat located?

6 / 20

Category: Abdomen

A 9-year-old boy was admitted to the emergency
department complaining of nausea,
vomiting, fever, and loss of appetite. On examination,
he was found to have tenderness and
pain on the right lower quadrant. Based on signs
and symptoms, the diagnosis of acute appendicitis
was made. During an appendectomy
performed at McBurney point, which of the following
structures is most likely to be injured?

7 / 20

Category: Abdomen

A 42-year-old man with portal hypertension
secondary to cirrhosis of the liver and
subsequent
massive ascites presents to the
emergency department. He refuses to have a
transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt
(TIPS) procedure and prefers surgery. Which of
the following surgical connections is involved
in the most practical method of shunting portal
blood around the liver?

8 / 20

Category: Abdomen-B

The rectus abdominis muscle is anchored transversely
by attachment to the anterior layer of
the rectus sheath by which of the following
structures?

9 / 20

Category: Abdomen-B

Inferiorly, the inferior margin of the external
oblique aponeurosis thickens and folds back on
itself to form which of the following structures?

10 / 20

Category: Abdomen

A 21-year-old man receives a penetrating
knife wound in the abdomen and is injured in
both the superior mesenteric artery and the
vagus nerve. Which portion of the colon would
most likely be impaired by this injury?

11 / 20

Category: Abdomen

A 43-year-old man complains of abdominal
pain just above his umbilicus. On examination,
a tumor is found anterior to the IVC. Which of
the following structures would most likely be
compressed by this tumor?

12 / 20

Category: Abdomen-B

The anterolateral abdominal wall is bounded
by all of the following structures EXCEPT

13 / 20

Category: Abdomen-B

All of the following structures are located
within the rectus sheath EXCEPT

14 / 20

Category: Abdomen-B

The reflected inguinal ligament receives fibers
from the contralateral aponeurosis of which of
the following structures?

15 / 20

Category: Abdomen-B

The superficial muscle fibers of the external
abdominal oblique arising from the middle to
lower ribs interdigitate with which of the following
muscles?

16 / 20

Category: Abdomen

A 16-year-old boy with a ruptured spleen
comes to the emergency department for splenectomy.
Soon after ligation of the splenic
artery just distal to its origin, a surgical resident
observes that the patient is healing normally.
Normal blood flow would occur in which of the
following arteries?

17 / 20

Category: Abdomen-B

The fascial layer that covers the deep surface
of the transverse abdominal muscle is known
as which of the following?

18 / 20

Category: Abdomen-B

The aponeuroses of all three flat muscles of the
anterolateral abdominal wall interlace in which
of the following structures?

19 / 20

Category: Abdomen

A 78-year-old man is suffering from
ischemia
of the suprarenal glands. This condition results from rapid occlusion of direct
branches of which of the following arteries?

20 / 20

Category: Abdomen

A 33-year-old man with a perforated gastric
ulcer complains of excruciating pain in his
stomach. It is observed that the pain comes
from peritoneal irritation by gastric contents
in the lesser sac. Which of the following nerves
contain sensory nerve fibers that convey this
sharp, stabbing pain?

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