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Human Embryology: Pre-embryonic period to Neonates
Basics of Human Embryology
In this lecture we will discuss about the basics of human embryology. before e start students should aware with few terminology.
- Pre-embryonic period – from fertilization to 2nd week.
- Embryo: From 2nd to 8th week the developing human is called embryo.
- Fetus: From 9th week onwards till birth the developing human is referred to as Fetus.
- Conceptus: Conceptus refers to fetus/embryo along with all the extraembryonic membranes ( product of conception).
- Zygote: Zygote is a fertilized ovum with diploid number of chromosomes.
- Neonate: After 4 weeks of birth, the developing human is called neonate and the period called neonatal period.
- Perinatal Period: 2 week before and 2 week after birth the period is called perinatal period.
- Infant: During the first year of life, the developing human is called infant and the period is called as infancy.
- Childhood: About 15 months to 12-13 years age known as Childhood
- Puberty: In girls it occurs between 12-15 years and in boys it occurs between 13-16 years.
- Adolescence: This period extends from the first appearance of sign of maturity to the attainment of complete physical, mental, sexual and emotional maturity. females :10-18 years ; Males: 15-20 years.
Events occurs in first week
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