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GROSS ANATOMY OF ABDOMEN-PELVIS

Enrolled: 258 students
Duration: 60 Days
Lectures: 5
Level: Intermediate

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Monday 9:30 am - 6.00 pm
Tuesday 9:30 am - 6.00 pm
Wednesday 9:30 am - 6.00 pm
Thursday 9:30 am - 6.00 pm
Friday 9:30 am - 5.00 pm
Saturday Closed
Sunday Closed

Archive

Working hours

Monday 9:30 am - 6.00 pm
Tuesday 9:30 am - 6.00 pm
Wednesday 9:30 am - 6.00 pm
Thursday 9:30 am - 6.00 pm
Friday 9:30 am - 5.00 pm
Saturday Closed
Sunday Closed
Gross anatomy of Abdomen-Pelvis

GROSS ANATOMY OF ABDOMEN-PELVIS

  • MUSCLES AND FASCIAE OF ANTERIOR BODY WALL: The anterolateral abdominal body wall is a multilayer of fat, fasciae, and muscles (with their aponeuroses) that support and protect the abdominal contents. Three flat abdominal muscles are arranged in layers and the rectus abdominis is oriented vertically adjacent to the midline, extending between the costal margin and the pubis. Abdominal muscles are important in respiration, defecation, micturition, childbirth, etc. The layers of tissue that make up the abdominal wall are described superficially to deep.
  • Layers of Anterior Abdominal Wall
    • Skin
    • Superficial fascia: The superficial fascia of the anterior abdominal wall below the umbilicus consists of 2 layers:
      • Camper (fatty) fascia is the outer, subcutaneous layer of superficial fascia that is variable in thickness owing to the presence of fat.
      • Scarpa (membranous) fascia is the deeper layer of superficial fascia devoid of fat. It is continuous into the perineum with various perineal fascial layers (Colles’ fascia, dartos fascia of the scrotum, superficial fascia of the clitoris or penis).
  • Muscles
    • External abdominal oblique muscle and aponeurosis: This is the most superficial of the 3 flat muscles of the abdominal wall. Its contributions to the abdominal wall and inguinal region are the following:
      • The inguinal ligament is the inferior rolled under aponeurotic fibers of the external oblique that extend between the anterior superior iliac spine and the pubic tubercle. Medially, the fibers of the inguinal ligament form a flattened, horizontal shelf called the lacunar ligament that attaches deeply to the pectineal line of the pubis and continues as the pectineal ligament.
      • Lacunar ligament forms the medial border of a femoral hernia.
      • Superficial inguinal ring is a vertical triangular cleft in the external oblique aponeurosis that represents the medial opening of the inguinal canal just superior and lateral to the pubic tubercle. It transmits the structures of the female and male inguinal canals.
      • External spermatic fascia is the outer layer of the 3 coverings of the spermatic cord formed at the superficial inguinal ring in males.
      • Rectus sheath: The external aponeuroses contribute to the anterior layer of the rectus sheath.

GROSS ANATOMY OF ABDOMEN-PELVIS

TRUE-FALSE STATEMENT

1
GENERAL FEATURES OF ABDOMEN & PELVIS
45 Min
2
RADIOGRAPHY OF ABDOMEN & PELVIS
45 Min
3
ABDOMEN WALL GROSS AND CLINICAL ASPECTS
60 Min

Self Assessments

1
Match the Fun
11 questions
2
Ovaries & Vagina
10 questions
3
Kidney & Pelvic Diaphragm
10 questions
4
Prostate & Urinary Bladder
10 questions
5
Fill in the Blanks
10 questions
6
QUESTION BANK
10 Min
7
QUESTION BANK- 10/100
8
PCT ABDOMEN FHMC
15 questions

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